Type 1 Diabetes
is a lifelong condition caused by an autoimmune reaction that destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This prevents the body from being able to produce insulin to adequately regulate blood glucose levels. Insulin is essential for glucose in the blood to be distributed to the body cells. Without insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. Over a long period of time, high blood sugar can lead to serious health complications.
Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are weeing and being thirsty a lot, losing weight – as the glucose cannot enter the cells the body uses fat to provide energy – and feeling very tired. If you have any of these symptoms see a doctor very quickly.
People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin for all their life as no cure currently exist. With the right treatment people and diabetes management, people can live like everyone else.
Type 2 Diabetes
is the most common form of diabetes. It is caused by insulin resistance or when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is produced but it doesn’t work probably. Symptoms are similar to Type 1 diabetes: feeling very tired, feeling extremely thirsty or being more subject to infection. High blood sugar can seriously affect your health, your hearth, eyes, kidney and lead to complications. If you notice any of these symptoms, ask your doctor.
A healthy lifestyle and diabetes can prevent type 2 diabetes(1). People with type 2 diabetes have to take medication or insulin. No cure has been identified as such.
For more information about living with diabetes visit Diabetes UK.